The story links the annual cycle of the seasons as observed by the Mi’kmaq with the movement of stars about the North Celestial pole. � � � + � � � � ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� � � � � � � � � � � > Z : The Mi�kmaq Creation Story The Mi�kmaq Creation Story describes how life began for all things. Glooscap gives thanks, apologizing for taking the shadows of the fish and for taking elements of Mother Earth for their own survival. MYTHS, LEGENDS AND FOLKLORE. This bolt of lightning caused the formation of an image of a human body. Population figures for the caribou stocks can only be approximati… $ � � * Z d s { c h n r x ~ � � - : 4 > ] c l w V ` � � � � a h j t  � � � � � P �������߿߯߯��߿߿߿߿߿��߿߯߿߯߿߿��߿��߿ߥߥ� h�&� OJ QJ ^J h�&� h�&� 6�OJ QJ ]�^J h�&� h�&� 5�OJ QJ \�^J h�&� h�&� 5�>*OJ QJ ^J h�&� h�&� OJ QJ ^J &h�&� h�&� 5�>*CJ OJ QJ ^J aJ 4 � � � � � � � The last of Kluskaps family to arrive is the Mother, Níkanaptekewísqw. Mi'gmaq Mi'kmaq MicMac Online Talking Dictionary. Muin and the Seven Bird Hunters is a traditional sky story which has been handed down from generation to generation as part of the rich oral history of the Mi’kmaq First Nation. She is formed from a rock. The eagle drops a feather, which Glooskap catches. Again they feast, and continue to learn from Grandmother. ��ࡱ� > �� 1 3 ���� 0 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Y� �� P bjbj���� 4" ��\��\P �� �� �� � � � � � � ���� � � � � � � + : � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � $ e � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � v v v � ~ � � � � � v � � v v v � ���� �`P���� ���� F v � � 0 + v � V � v � � v � � v � � � � � � � l She brings wisdom and knowledge. The Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, and Pasamaquoddy Nations, whose traditional lands are in the Atlantic region of what is now Canada, signed a series of treaties known as the Covenant Chain of Peace and Friendship Treaties with the British Crown throughout the eighteenth … During the escalation that proceeded Father Rale's War (1722–1725), Mi'kmaq raided Fort William Augustus at Canso, Nova Scotia (1720). With the help of the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth, the nephew was created. Creation is a mystery that She brings love for all her children, so that they will care for one another. Grandfather Sun puts spirit into life. In Mi'gmaq tradition there are seven levels of creation. And the best sticks for this new game came from the carvers of the Mi’kmaq.”(Figure 2.1) Hockey.indd 48 18-03-14 16:30 Re-Imagining the Creation: Popular Mythology, the Mi’kmaq, and the Origins of Canadian Hockey 49 Origins of the Game––Widening the Lens The family squabble over hockey’s origins has run its course. This gives birth to the Great Spirit Fire. Mi'kmaq Creation Story Native American Lore This story has been passed down from generation to generation since time immemorial and it explains how Mi'kmaq people came into existence in North America. The beat of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. He is made of the elements of the earth: feathers, bone, skin, dirt, grass, sand, pebbles and water. � � � � � By all accounts the slaughter was appalling. That situation, however, would change with a growing population of European descent and with greater intrusion by this larger society into the interior. The Sun connects the spirit world to the physical world and is represented by the centre direction. Copyright © 2009–2021 Speaking about our land. Mi’kmaq, also spelled Micmac, the largest of the North American Indian tribes traditionally occupying what are now Canada’s eastern Maritime Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island) and parts of the present U.S. states of Maine and Massachusetts. You know — Glooscap, the animals, and his stories that … Mother Earth gives us all the necessities of life through the elements of the earth: water, rocks, soils, plants, animals, fish and so on. Level 6: Glooscap meets a young man who says he is Glooscap�s nephew, a creation of Whirlwind, who passed through the ocean in the direction of the rising sun, causing foam to form and blow ashore. This feather gives him strength and serves as a symbol of connection between his people and the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth. Perhaps the greatest threat to the Mi'kmaq way of life was the completion of a railway across the island in 1898. Copyright © 2009–2021 Speaking about our land. These levels correspond to seven stages in the creation of the world. The rich oral tradition of the Mi'kmaq is highlighted in four fascinating stories - stories of power and magic that provide insight into the culture of this First Nation from Canada's east coast. The beat of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. After the Mi'kmaq world was created and after the animals, birds and plants were placed on the surface, Creator caused a bolt of lightning to hit the surface of Wsitqamu'k. An eagle comes to Kluskap with a message from the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth. Glooscap gives thanks to Mother Earth and Grandfather Sun for his creation, and pays his respects to the South, the West, the North and the East directions. This story summary is also available as a downloadable PDF by clicking on the Get Activity button at the bottom of this page. When he did tell me stories about the Mi’kmaq through story-telling, that was… my first taste of it. The Creation story serves as a reminder: no human is flawless– the Great Spirit alone is perfect. Bible Story: God Made the World. Heritage Canada. In the Mi'kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for "Earth." The eagle tells Kluskap that he will be joined by his family, who will help him understand his place in this world. The Creation Story Summary. She is formed from a leaf. � Oral traditions can be loosely placed in three types: myths, legends, and folklore. NISGAM. It was Kluskap (gloos-cap), first shaped out of the basic element of the Mi'kmaq world, sand. Then, using the seven sparks from the bolts of lightning that created Glooscap, and seven pieces of dry wood, cousin Whirlwind is invited to create the Great Spirit Fire. Mi’kmaq author Theresa Meuse has written a book aimed at teaching children about the Mi’kmaq of Atlantic Canada Photo by Stephen Brake. � Creation is a mystery that contains everything and is within everything. The third level is Sitqamúk, Mother Earth. NISGAM. He is created from a bolt of lightning that hits the surface of Mother Earth. The next day, Nataoa-nsen, … The word we use is Kisúlk. This foam has rolled in sand and picked up rocks and wood and feathers, eventually resting on sweet grass. Jane Meader, Elder, BACS & MEd, discusses the Mi'kmaq creation story and how this relates to the venerated place of women in their culture. Nisgam is the sun which travels in a circle and owes its existence to isoolg. “Where did we come from?” is a question that continues to be debated by scientists and theologists alike. Mi’kmaq and Abenaki people use their creation stories to tell how things came to be in the world. Deer and moose skins were fashioned into leggings, sleeves, breechclouts and moccasins, all of which were worn by both men and women. Myths are those accounts which portray the earliest possible time, including creation stories. / VII What is a Creation Story? These levels correspond to seven stages in the creation of the world. Long, long ago, the earth was deep beneath the water. Level 3: The third level of Creation is on the surface of Mother Earth. Some people would call it the Creator, but in Mi'gmaq culture it is more about the wonder and unfolding of creation. The fourth level of creation is Kluskap, the First-One-Who-Spoke. Some people would call it the Creator, but in Mi'gmaq culture it is more about the wonder and unfolding of creation. He is formed from the sweet-smelling grass. In winter fur robes would be added. The Mi'kmaq story of Oochigeaskw (Burnt-Face Girl), a fusion of a Glooscap legend with the French Cinderella story. In the Mi’kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for “Earth.” For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi’kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi’kmaq word for Mother Earth. Story Truth(s): The God of the Bible is the Creator of all things. Level 4: The first man, Glooscap, is created from a bolt of lightning. This means “you are being created.” Kisúlk is the Giver of Life. The first of Kluskap family to arrive is the Grandmother, Nukumi. He is lying with his head in the direction of the rising sun and his feet are facing the setting sun. The Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth have made Glooscap�s mother from this dew to bring gifts to her children. Aboriginal Mi'kmaq clothing was made from the skins of the animals they killed. In Mi'gmaq tradition there are seven levels of creation. She teaches him to respect her wisdom and knowledge about the stars, the wind, the seasons and the tides, the characteristics and the behaviour of the plants and animals, and how to make food, clothing and shelter. She also brings the colours of the world. As a result, they quickly suffered depopulation and socio-cultural disruption. their elaborate and colorful beadwork and quillwork (designs made with porcupine quills), which they used I perceive this to be the most significant difference between the Biblical creation story and the Native creation story. Traditional Teachings Mi’kmaq Creation Story Teacher Summary The Mi’kmaq Creation Story describes how life began for all things. All rights reserved. Glooscap provides leadership, respecting the teachings of the elders, the vision and strength of the young people, the gifts of the ancestors, and the teachings on how to rely on each other and to respect and care for one another. Nisgam is … � This is part of the Mi'gmaq creation story. This is during a press conference in Europe and he is explaining his interpretation of the Mi'kmaq creation story. The Shadows are the joining of earth, matter, and the blood of human life. The answer is in the Mi'kmaq belief that animals willingly sacrifice themselves to become food. Mi'kmaq Chief. The next of Kluskap family to arrive is the Nephew, Netawansum. Mi'kmaq and Maliseet Storytelling: Discussion of the native storytelling style, and a funny story about Eniqs the ant. As each member of his family arrives, Kluskap asks his fellow beings - the animals, the fish, and the plants - to sustain the Mi'gmaq people. This process occurred in seven stages or levels of creation and is described as follows: Level 1: The sky represents the Giver of Life, Gisoolg, who creates everything. The first level is the act of creation itself. What is a Creation Story? “My culture and learning — a lot of that came from my dad. The Nephew is the sixth level of creation. the Mi’kmaq were among the first peoples in North America to interact with European explorers, fishermen and traders. These traditional stories are shared from generation to generation to help natives help define who they are as a unique group of people. The story tells about the relationship between the Great Spirit Creator and Human Beings and the Environment. � MiMaq Creation Story Analysis 1080 Words | 5 Pages. Mi’kmaq and Abenaki people use their creation stories to tell how things came to be in the world. Under potential siege, in May 1722, Lieutenant Governor John Doucett took 22 Mi'kmaq hostage at Annapolis Royal to prevent the capital from being attacked. After the passing of 7 winters, all of the families will once again gather at the sight of the original great fire. The Mi’kmaq are one of these 7 original families. Skin clothing was sometimes beautifully decorated with dyed porcupine quills ( Nisgam is the sun which travels in a circle and owes its existence to Isoolg. The Mother is the seventh level of creation. Now, for the first time, it was possible for large numbers of settlers and sportsmen to have quick access to the huge interior caribou herds. When the Mi’kmaq reach their territory, they later will split up into 7 clans, each having their own fires or mawiomies. The origin of life has perplexed man for centuries. The creator formed Glooscap from the red clay of … All rights reserved. The second level is the Sun, which we call Niskam, or Grandfather. His arms are outstretched to the north and south. The Mi'gmaq are one of these families. Glooscap has his nephew gather food for a feast to celebrate the creation of Glooscap�s mother. And just as Glooscap took the life of the marten for survival, the nephew calls upon the fish to give up their lives. The following Q&A is being republished with permission from the author, Maureen Googoo of kukukwes.com, a news website dedicated to covering Indigenous news in Atlantic Canada: Thus, the oral traditions of the Mi'kmaq differ from those of any other people in the world, and help to keep the Mi'kmaq unique. A Mi'kmaq creation story, for example, begins with the birth of Glooscap, our cultural hero and the archetype of virtuous human life [11]. Bible Text: Genesis 1:1-8, 14-19. Three speakers record each word. The shadow represents the spirits of our ancestors. Level 5: Glooscap meets his Grandmother, who is born from a rock. Keller George, Wolf Clan Member of the Nation’s Council, recounts the following story his maternal great-grandmother told him about the birth of the Evil Spirit and the Good Spirit. These gifts include the colours of the world, understanding and love, so that her children will know how to share and care for one another. A story that completely subverts the role of women and her role in the creation of the world. Y Z d n � � � � = h i � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 7$ 8$ H$ gd�&� i j t P � � � 7$ 8$ H$ gd�&� 2 1�h:p�&� ��/ ��=!�"�#��$�7%� ������ � s 2 � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � 2 ( � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � 8 X � V ~ � � � � � � � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ _HmH nH sH tH @ `�� @ N o r m a l CJ _HaJ mH sH tH D A ��� D D e f a u l t P a r a g r a p h F o n t R i ��� R T a b l e N o r m a l � 4� At the third bolt of lightning, Glooscap is freed from the surface of the Earth to walk and move about. In this way, they live a good life. The Grandmother is the fifth level of creation. l 4� a� ( k ��� ( N o L i s t PK ! When lightning hits a second time, Glooscap develops fingers and toes, and seven sacred parts to his head (two eyes, two ears, two nosrils and a mouth) appear. Rather than being responsible for bringing evil into the world and corruption it like Eve was, She, the Sky Woman is the creator! In the Mi�kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for �Earth.� For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi�kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi�kmaq word for Mother Earth. � In one version of the Mi'kmaq creation story, Glooscap lay on his back, with arms outstretched and his head toward the rising sun, for 365 days and nights, then Nogami, the grandmother, was born as an old woman from the dew of the rock. ���� [Content_Types].xml���N�0E�H���-J��@%�ǎǢ|�ș$�ز�U��L�TB� l,�3��;�r��Ø��J��B+$�G]��7O٭V��. Kluskap also calls upon the wind to fan the sparks left by the first bolt of lightning. He brings strength and can see into the future. The bolt hits the Earth and his body is created on the Earth�s surface. This is the Haudenosaunee creation story of Sky Woman, who fell from the unseen world and landed on Turtle Island. ? NISGAM. The story evolves in the sky and tells of Muin (the Mi’kmaq word for Black Bear), as she awakens from her winter sleep and, leaving her celestial den, descends to the ground in search of food. When we stand in the Sun we cast a shadow. For their sustenance, Glooscap takes the life of a marten, asking permission of the animal first, and giving thanks to the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth afterwards. It is regarded with awe and reflected in all aspects of life, seen and unseen. The first level is the act of creation itself. For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi'kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi'kmaq word for Mother Earth. These traditional stories are shared from generation to generation to help natives help define who they are as a unique group of people. The talking dictionary project is developing a 6,000+word Internet resource for the Mi'gmaq/Mi’kmaq language. The surface skin of Mother Earth gives rise to life, including people, and this is reflected in the word Oosgitjinoo which means �the person who has peeled himself off the surface of the Earth and is standing erect.� Oosgitjinoo is a word used to refer to the Mi�kmaq people. The shadows reflect the identities, characteristics and spirits of ancestors. The seven families of the Algonquin people are formed from sparks that fly out of this fire and land upon the Earth. Some Nephew is also a responsibility for Glooscap to guide, since the young turn to the old for direction in life. Grandmother and Glooscap then feast to celebrate Grandmother�s arrival into the world. The beat of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. Nisgam is … In the Mi’kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for “Earth.” For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi’kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi’kmaq word for Mother Earth. Level 7: Glooscap�s mother appears, coming first as a leaf on a tree that falls to the ground and collects dew. The nephew offers vision to the future and comes as a gift of the ancestors. Mother Earth sustains life. This process occurred in seven stages or levels of creation and is described as follows: Level 1: The sky represents the Giver of Life, Gisoolg, who creates everything. Level 2: The Sun creates life and gives us our Shadows. Once returning to the east where he was created, Glooscap is visited by an eagle that tells him he will soon be joined by his family to help him understand his place in this world. Nisgam is the sun which travels in a circle and owes its existence to isoolg. 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