The oldest documents in the library date back to the first century. [7] Around 1587, Pope Sixtus V commissioned the architect Domenico Fontana to construct a new building for the library, which is still used today. The books were chained to these benches, and if a reader took out a book, the chain remained attached to it. A token 39 of the Heidelberg manuscripts were sent to Paris in 1797 and were returned to Heidelberg at the Peace of Paris in 1815, and a gift from Pope Pius VII of 852 others was made in 1816 to the University of Heidelberg, including the Codex Manesse. The oldest document in the archive dates from the end of the eighth century. First, some history The Vatican Library was established in 1475 and is one of the oldest libraries in the world, and also one of the biggest and most safely guarded. Among the most famous holdings of the library is the Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, the oldest known nearly complete manuscript of the Bible. In 1661, the Greek scholar Leo Allatius was made librarian. While the Vatican Library has always included Bibles, canon law texts and theological works, it specialized in secular books from the beginning. The Vatican Library is one of the World's great libraries. [8] The earliest intact European book is a pocket gospel book, written in Latin and currently housed at the British Library—which bought it for £9 million (US$11 million) in 2012. [7] Privileges to use the library could be withdrawn for breaking the house rules, for instance by climbing over the tables. Not much is known about the author, of this manuscript itself or the text in general, though we know this particular version was produced in southern France. Created in … It is more accurately translated to mean ‘personal’ or ‘private’. ", "Tesoro letterario di Ercolano, ossia, La reale officina dei papiri ercolanesi", "Herculaneum Papyri in the National Library in Naples", "Teacher Tied to Stolen Manuscript Pages Faced Prior Ethics Questions, Colleagues Say", "U.S. Scholar Suspected in Theft of Manuscript Pages", "The Vatican Library CIO's sacred mission: To digitize everything", "Vatican library reopens after 3-year restoration", "Digitizing history: 82,000-manuscript collection Vatican Library goes online", "The Vatican Palace, as a Scientific Institute", "Vatican Library carries extensive collection of ancient Hindu scriptures", "Il manoscritto Vaticano arabo 368: Hadith Bayad wa Riyad. [8], Nicholas died in 1455. [7] The library catalogue was further updated by Rev. In 1623, the hereditary Palatine Library of Heidelberg containing about 3,500 manuscripts was given to the Vatican by Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria (who had just acquired it as booty in the Thirty Years' War) in thanks for the adroit political maneuvers of Pope Gregory XV that had sustained him in his contests with Protestant candidates for the electoral seat. The Vatican Apostolic Library (Latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Italian: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly known as the Vatican Library or informally as the Vat,[1] is the library of the Holy See, located in Vatican City. [37] It is expected that the initial phase will take 4 years. The library was scattered during this time, with parts in Rome, Avignon and elsewhere. Aside from that, the Palatine Library remains in the Vatican Library to this day. The Vatican Apostolic Archive was separated from the library at the beginning of the 17th century; it contains another 150,000 items. You could borrow books from the library up until the 1760s, but you could also lose your borrowing rights if you broke the house rules. Discovered buried in a jar, by an Egyptian farmer near the town of Nag Hammadi in 1945, the ‘library’ is in fact 12 papyrus codices written in Coptic Egyptian and usually dated to the beginning of the 4th century. A second version of this statue (c. 1930) stands under the entrance portico of the Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum.[a][21]. It is located in the Pius XII Library on the campus of Saint Louis University. The texts enclosed are mostly early-Christian religious writings, such as non-canonical Gnostic texts and, most notably, the Gospel of Thomas. [1], The Vatican Library can be accessed by 200 scholars at a time,[23] and it sees 4,000 to 5,000 scholars a year, mostly academics doing post-graduate research. The Great Psalms Scroll, pictured here, is one of the best-preserved manuscripts, and seems to have been copied some time between 30 CE and 50 CE. Formally established in 1475, although it is much older—it is one of the oldest libraries in the world and contains one of the most significant collections of historical texts. The book was buried with St Cuthbert, an early British Christian leader, on the island of Lindisfarne off Northumberland, in around 698 AD. One of the oldest manuscripts of the Quran in the world, the codex was housed in the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As in Egypt until the Napoleonic expedition of 1798, when a few folios were brought back to Paris. Vatican to digitize Apostolic Library of 1.6 million volumes for general perusal, History of the Vatican Library, from the Library's site, Toward On-line, worldwide access to Vatican Library materials (1996), The Secret History of Art by Noah Charney on the Vatican Library and Procopius, Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Office for the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Agency for the Evaluation and Promotion of Quality, Congregation for Indulgences and Sacred Relics, Secretariate of Briefs to Princes and of Latin Letters, Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church, Pontifical Council for Social Communications, Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vatican_Library&oldid=998486179, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2014, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Codex Vat. 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