Ten healthy volunteer medical students participated in the study (six females and four males). )Trotter] is an annual crop in the Poaceae (grass) family (Bultosa, 2016).Teff is also commonly written as tef. The mean glycemic index value of Corn Injera was found to be 97.4 (SD ± 34.1, 95% CI 79.9–117.9), which classifies it as doi: 10.2337/diacare.16.7.1039. Glycemic index of Teff Injera, Corn Injera, and White Wheat Bread. The discrepancy in the glycemic index of Corn Injera and White Wheat Bread might be due to the difference in the food processing among the studies. The fibre content in this tiny little grain … Close. Lighter varieties have milder taste. Glycemic Index and Load of Selected Ethiopian Foods: An Experimental Study, Department of Public Health, Myungsung Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Department of Medicine, Myungsung Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Department of Public Health, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, https://www.idf.org/our-network/regions-members/africa/members/9-ethiopia.html, International Diabetes Federation, “Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in African member countries in 2018,”, M. D. S. Clement, “Guidelines for glycemic control,”, F. Q. Nuttall, “Carbohydrate and dietary management of individuals with insulin-requiring diabetes,”, D. J. Jenkins, T. M. Wolever, R. H. Taylor et al., “Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange,”, S. Liu, “Insulin resistance, hyperglycemia and risk of major chronic diseases-a dietary perspective,”, S. Liu, W. C. Willett, M. J. Stampfer et al., “A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women,”, D. Yu, X. Zhang, X.-O. International Diabetes Federation. It’s 50, which is just below oatmeal. The Antioxidant content in Injera acts to protect the cell damages from free radicals, decreases risk of heart disease and cancer. Am J Clin Nutr. Ludwig, David .S. Ten volunteer healthy nondiabetic adult students were recruited into the study based on the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) 1998 glycemic index testing protocol [8–10]. Teff is a powerful source of vegan or vegetarian protein containing all 9 essential amino acids. The prevalence of diabetes in adult population of Ethiopia was 5.2% in 2018 [1]. Teff [Eragrostis tef (Zucc. An actual glycemic index test for teff wasn’t performed until 2017. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Shu et al., “Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and refined carbohydrates are associated with risk of stroke: a prospective cohort study in urban Chinese women,”, W. Willett, J. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for the prevention and control of diabetes, modifications in diet and an exercise of 30 min/day in a person with impaired glucose tolerance can have an impact of preventing or delaying the development of diabetes by 58% [2, 3]. Dark injera is felt to have the higher nutrient content although it is the paler form favoured by the rich. Injera produced from teff flour is of good odor, flavor, texture, and keeping quality. Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! 0 comments. Low-glycemic index carbohydrates, such as teff, are slowly digested, absorbed, and metabolized so they cause a much lower and slower rise in blood glucose and insulin levels. 1981;34(3):362–366. Therefore, it is important to know the glycemic index and glycemic load of commonly used foods in a local context, as food processing is one of the main factors which contribute to the variation on the glycemic index and glycemic load of foods [7]. Teff contains about 20% to 40% resistant starch and has a relatively low glycemic index (GI) that helps diabetics better regulate their sugar levels. Teff is loaded with nutrients such as calcium, manganese, phosphorus, iron, copper, thiamin, and vitamin C. Teff contains 20-40% resistant starches and has a low glycemic index(GI) that helps to regulate blood sugar levels. Zero-glycemic foods—those without carbohydrates—include items like meats, fish, and oils.Pure sugar has a glycemic index of 100. For starters, teff (injera’s main ingredient) is a complete protein and an excellent source of iron and calcium. 2003 Jul;26(7):1967-70. doi: 10.2337/diacare.26.7.1967. 3, pp. It is also somewhat acidic, which lowers the glycemic index even more as it changes the way that the body metabolizes the carbohydrates. Accordingly, the glycemic loads of Teff Injera, Corn Injera, and White Wheat Bread were 7.2, 22.3, and 15.9, respectively. 1. The incremental area under the glucose curve for the standard glucose was obtained by the mean from the three independent glucose curves. 2004;6(2):31–36. Teff grain with high fiber content prevents absorption of bad cholesterol in body. Teff is a nutrient-rich whole grain, making it a whole lot better for your body in terms of glycemic index and complex carbohydrates than white flour. Therefore, Teff Injera should be considered globally in the dietary modification programs for diabetes. The mean age of the participants was 23 years (±1.6 years). In term of caloric A glycemic index is a number that indicates how rapidly the body digests a particular type of food and converts it into blood sugar (glucose). Traditionally, in Ethiopia, teff is ground into a flour to make a type of bread called injera, similar to a sourdough flatbread. The postprandial glucose concentrations in the blood were recorded at 0, 15, 30, 45, 90, and 120 minutes. 2017 Apr;105(4):842-853. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.144162. The glycemic index of teff is 57 and the glycemic load is 19. High in Protein - Teff is a Protein power house. The grains are also gluten-free . The glycemic indexes of Teff Injera, White Wheat Bread, and Corn Injera were 36 (low), 46 (low), and 97 (high), respectively, and the glycemic loads were 7 (low), 14 (moderate), and 22 (high), respectively. All authors reviewed the manuscript and approved the final draft of the manuscript. For calculating the glycemic index, variations in the blood glucose concentration from the baseline blood concentration were taken for each postprandial period [10]. Glucose response curve of the Teff Injera, Corn Injera, and White Wheat Bread…, NLM Each blood sample was placed on a test strip which was inserted into a calibrated glucometer [2, 9, 10]. doi: 10.1016/S1098-3597(04)80052-8. The Antioxidant content in Injera acts to protect the cell damages from free radicals, decreases risk of heart disease and cancer. Then, the glycemic index was categorized as low (0–55%), moderate (56–69%), and high (≥70%) [17, 19]. Therefore, Teff Injera should be considered globally in the dietary modification programs for diabetes. Day 5: Starter should have separated into distinct layers. However, there is no data on the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Ethiopian foods. 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