To the extent rules, regulations, policies, procedures and programmes are clearly laid, there would be consistency in action. Rather, it is intrinsic in all the operations and functions of the management. Managerial Functions: Basic Functions That Should Be Performed By a Manger. iv. Request PDF | On Dec 1, 2016, W.S. Vague and undefined authority and bitter subordinate relationships cause confusion and conflict of authority. Thus, coordination is considered as the essence of manager-ship because of the following benefits it offer: 1. For example, take the case of production department, where we have the works manager, and under him the superintendent and then the foreman and last the workmen. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplishÂment of group goals is the purpose of management. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplishment of group goals is the purpose of management. There was lack of balance and integration of different activities; as a result the company started facing huge losses and by 1993 company had an accumulated loss of Rs. Coordination is the essence of management as: 1. With growing sizes of the organizations and increasing complexities in their structure, planning even becomes more crucial. Coordination is the essence of management. Co-ordination may be achieved through following processes: The planning is the elementary stage of achieving co-ordination. By awarding overlapping efforts and depletion of work co-ordination helps to improve the efficiency of operations. The main purposes which are sought to be realized through coordination are as follows: This can be done by the coordination only. Co-ordination is the Essence of Management "Co-ordination is the Essence of Management." The presence of coordination becomes part of their job experience and hence can form a very useful part of their training”. Therefore, coordination is necessary to bring unity of action in the organization. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Rekhadixit2982 19.02.2019 Log in to add a comment Importance 7. Large number of units with the larger number of people in it who possess varying skills and personal specialisation creates problem in securing co-ordination, because it is very difficult to co-ordination all of them. CoÂordination promotes efficiency, unity of command, team spirit, subordinates, individual interests of general interests of the enterprise, boost to good relations and enhancement of employee morale. Good coordination gives job satisfaction to the employees which keep their morale high. It is the common thread that runs through all activities such as purchase, production, sales, and finance to … Hence it involves orderly arrangement of group effort. CMM relies on three interdependent elements: coordination, management and meaning. coordination is the essence of management has been explained with visual effects. 3. Essence of Management. It gives one clear direction to the whole organisation and brings unity and harmony in the whole business unit. Co-ordination makes employees loyal and committed to enterprise which increases effectiveness and stability of the enterprise. It does not involve sacrifice on any party. In short, it is the essence of management. Before finalising the plan, mutual consultation among he concerned people will facilitate the smooth implementation of the plan. For example, coordination is necessary between the sales manager, the works manager, the finance manager and the buyer, so that when the sales department is ready to sell the new product, the production department will be in a position to fill the orders, and the financial arrangements have been made so that the necessary funds are available to have the suitable raw materials, etc. An organisation is people. Steps 13. In olden days, the enterprise was divided into departments such as – purchase, production, sales, finance and accounts. There should be a regular flow of information among various persons so that they are given required information for proper co- ordination. 1. A manager has to perform five interrelated functions in the process of managing an organization, which is s system made up of different inter linked and interdependent subsystems. Coordination is the force that binds all the other functions of management. the outcome of the coordination is to attain the common purpose. 168 crore. When production is planned with the consent of other concerned managers then co-ordination takes place at planning level. Without co-ordination, working cannot be harmonised. State. According to McFarland “if job satisfaction are present, executives will tend to remain longer with the company. Due to Subordination of general interest to individual interest, it is difficult to achieve coÂordination in the absence of proper motivation. It is a process through which the activities of various departments and units are synchronised towards the achievement of the common goals of the … 4. It is like a thread of garland, flowers of which are different managerial functions. Problems 18. It is accomplished by means of planning, organising, actuating and controlling.” The aim of co-ordination is to achieve better results and this may be done in different ways. This article justifies that coordination is the essence of management. A well thought-out organisation will ultimately lead to co-ordination. All factors in a situation are reciprocally related and should be coordinated. Discussing the coordination is the essence of explain example, having knowledge about how to prevent this process. Content Guidelines 2. It is not a separate managerial function. The subordinates must get proper information at the right time for enabling them to co-ordinate their work. Co-ordination is needed to perform all the functions of management: a. 1. If an order for the supply of a particular variety of the goods has been booked and the raw materials to produce them are not available, there will be trouble. 5. Identify and explain the concept of management explained in the above para. The manager is required to control the work of everyone in the organisation so that all efforts are directed towards main goals. Managerial Hierarchy – Managerial Hierarchy in the organisation is also responsible for coordination. Planning is amongst the primary functions of management. Coordination is, thus, the ‘essence of management… The method of achieving coordination is largely horizontal, althÂough vertical coordination in a large organisation cannot be ignored. Top managers communicate organisational goals to departmental managers and help … Co-Ordination is the Most Important Function: Co-ordination is the most important function of every organisation. It means when a manager diligently performs all the management functions, he or she remains busy in establishing coordination. 2. Rather, it is intrinsic in all the operations and functions of the management. It also brings harmony in carrying out the different tasks and activities to achieve the organization’s objectives … (iii) Co-ordination in staffing function is needed between nature of job and qualifications of employees and between nature of work and compensation fixed. v. It is required in group efforts and not in individual effort. A vast number of variables due to the incompleteness of human knowledge limit the degree of co-ordination. Effective Coordination Principles 9. This is the synergetic effect of co-ordination. CoÂordination avoids duplication of work or efforts, interpersonal conflicts, controversies, misunderstandings, delay, wastages and confusions. For instance, while sales department is concerned with consumer satisfaction, production department may be concerned with adhering to production schedules. It binds the people of the organisation and their activities to ensure a smooth functioning of the work. Share 3. coordination is the force that binds all the other functions of management. It cannot be left to chance, but the manager must constantly work at it. It was running successfully as a leading electronic industry, especially in refrigeration industry. Yes, Coordination is indeed the essence of management. The real and lasting solution lies in coordination and integration. What is Management? Management should persuade the employees to actively take pan in committees, conferences, seminars and the like. From a practitioner’s perspective, the conceptualization provides a guideline for designing organizational interventions and IT artifacts. Coordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities of organisation. (ii) Coordination is required at middle level to balance the activities of different departments so that these can work as a part of one organisation only. Variation in Managerial Functions – Managerial functions are not static and constant. In Planning, coordination is required between main plan and supportive plans of different departments. Each functional interest in the enterprise stresses its own opinion of how the purposes should be accomplished. Various departments or sections are assigned different tasks to perform. Coordination is regarded as the essence of management. Coordination is the base or primary function of every manager because various departments of an organisation are working independently and there is need to relate and integrate their activities. (a) Among orders, instructions, guidelines, suggestions. So the importance of co-ordination has subsequently increased. It is present in all the functions. All activities in any organization need coordination. Employees of each department perform their duties with a view to achieving common objectives collectively. He must synchronize the efforts of all the members of a group and see to it that there is willing cooperation of both managers and workers. Management is innovative Management techniques are dynamic and innovative. Following steps are advocated for overcoming the constraints in co-ordination: i. If production manager is to plan for his development then it will be better to consult purchase manager, personnel manager, finance manager, sales manager also. These elements help to explain how social realities are created through conversation and further applications and models listed below. Under such a situation co-ordination becomes a problem. By joining different units and sections into one, co-ordination ensures stability and development of an organisation and make executive to see organisation as a whole. Direct personal communications bring about agreement on methods, actions and ultimate achievement. (v) In controlling function coordination is required between standards and actual performance. It is not only a function but it is the essence of management. Every managerial function needs co-ordination and synchronisation of various activities. Coordination is the essence of management … The entire organizational activities should be properly divided department wise and section wise. The staffing function can also help in proper co-ordination. TOS4. Co-ordination is an essential part of organisation. In the process of organisation, the authority and responsibility of various persons is defined and even the relationship among different jobs is also specifically given. Coordination is needed to perform all the functions of management (i) In planning coordination is required between main plan and supportive plans of … Share Your PPT File. According to Mary Parker Follett, “the First test of a business administration should be whether you have a business with all its parts so co-ordinated, so moving together in their closely knit and adjusting activities, so linking, inter-locking, interrelating, that they make a working unit that is not a congenic of separate pieces, but a functional whole or integrated unit.”. All managerial functions try to achieve integration of various efforts and co-ordination becomes the essence of management. Co-ordination suffers due to following limitations: 1. Similar problem arises between functional managers at the same levels. TOS 7. ii. It binds the people of the organisation and their activities to ensure a smooth functioning of the work. We have desires but not plans. There would not be any misunderstanding among employees across the cadre. 5. Meaning and Definitions Provided by Newman, Henry Fayol, Ordway Tead, George Terry, Koontz and OâDonnell, Henry Fayol, “To co-ordinate is to harmonise all the activities of a person in order to facilitate its working and its success.” Co-ordination is necessary to enable, Coordination â Objectives: Reconciliation of Goals, Total Accomplishment, Economy and Efficiency, Good Personal Relations, Retention of Managerial and Other Personnel. “Management has been defined as a process of getting things done with the aim of achieving goals effectively and efficiently.” Explain briefly the three important terms used in this definition of management—process, effectiveness and efficiency. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplishment of group goals is the purpose of management. the national capacity for the management of the environment; AND WHEREAS the environment constitutes the foundation of national economic, … (iv) In directing function, co-ordination is required between superior and subordinate, between orders, instructions, guidelines, etc. Also, conflict between the line executives and the staff poses the problem of coordination by the chief executive. Coordination is the integration, synchronisation or orderly pattern of group efforts in the institution towards the accomplishment of common objectives. When the manager gives clear instructions, motivates the employees, coaches them and mentors them, there will be greater co-ordination. Coordination is seldom deemed a separate role of management. Co-ordination is the Essence of Management "Co-ordination is the Essence of Management." The managers at all levels are concerned with achieving coordination … Henry Fayol, “To co-ordinate is to harmonise all the activities of a person in order to facilitate its working and its success.” Co-ordination is necessary to enable Uncertainties of future – The uncertainties of future pose a serious challenge to effective co-ordination. (iv) Co-ordination in Directing: In Directing, coordination is required. Where there is no cooperative spirit among the departments/employees, achieving co-ordination is a challenge. • A manager has to link these diverse groups towards the achievement of a common … It is that force which unites the working and efforts of the people of the organisation towards the common objective of the organisation. 5. Diversified and specialised activities under the principle of division of labour leading to an extreme specialisation, demand special attention to co-ordination. Depending upon how we define coordination, I would have to say it can be the essence of management. Line authorities may prefer to cling to conservatism but staff officers may like to introduce an innovation. It is required practically at all levels of management. Coordination is required at all the … Co-ordination not improves the morale and job satisfaction of employees and improves the efficiency of operations. Where right men are appointed for the right job, co-ordination can be achieved with ease. Each Managerial function is an exercise contributing individually to coordination. Coordination is the function of management which ensures that different departments and groups work in sync. Therefore, the inter-relationship between the purchasing department and production department as well as the sales department demands the establishment of coordination. (iv) In directing function coordination is required between superior and subordinates, between orders, instructions, guidelines and suggestions etc. Co-ordination will be effective, when the following principles are followed: Co-ordinating activity should commerce from the planning stage itself. Co-ordination ensures unity of direction through arranging spontaneous collaboration on the part of different departments. By Coordination, we mean a path through which the group functions are linked up. Some of the important aims of co-ordination are as follows: (a) To ensure a smooth interplay of the functions and forces of all the different component parts of the organisation. Management is innovative: Management techniques are dynamic and innovative. (i) Top level requires coordination to integrate all the activities of organisation and lead the efforts of all the individuals in one common direction. It should be performed right from the planning stage to the controlling stage. (vi) Coordination is the essence of management Management function revolves around making, arranging things, moving things in an organisation in relation to overall objective of the organisation. According to Newman, âSince co-ordination is concerned with the interÂrelationships of separate activities, it can be no better than the transfer of information about those activities to some common point or points, where the dovetailing takes place.â. If other managers feel some difficulties then they will explain it and mutually accepted decisions will resolve the difference. Question 7. 2. Coordination is the very important aspect in any Organization. It creates synthesis of interests. The objectives of the organisation must be understood by the individuals. The plans of different departments or sections will be co-ordinated to prepare a plan for the whole organisation. Through coordination, it is possible to bring about economy and efficiency in the organization. Each of them tends to stress one or another different policy or method depending upon the experience of the department. In other words, Co-ordination affects Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing, Communication, Leading, Motivating and Controlling. This would help in achieving co-ordination. They will feel that they have a place in the organisation. Coordination is not easy to attain. Lack of coordination results in overlapping, duplication, delays and chaos. Coordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities of organisation. Coordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities of organisation. (f) Elimination of overlapping or duplication of work. (c) an objective of management. Coordination is the essence of management. This happens because through coordination, duplication of efforts is prevented and the time and energy thus saved are better utilized in more creative tasks. The basic function of coordination in an enterprise is the same as that of an orchestra conductor who directs the activities of the orchestra party in such a manner that it produces harmony in music. The informal relations speed up the activity of the cooperation. characteristics the above observations reveal the following features of coordination coordination is not a distinct function .but , represents the essence of management. “For management, it is important to be both effective and efficient. Co-ordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities. Lack of administrative and managerial skills and technique, on the part of executives and managers limits the degree of co-ordination in a business organisation. Why Coordination is Consider as the Essence of Management? Coordination … Establishment of an effective communication system. Coordination is the base or primary function of every manager because various departments of an organisation are working independently and there is need to relate and integrate their activities. i. Compartmentalization arising from lack of understanding. The controlling function itself will facilitate co-ordination because it will require the evaluation of performance of subordinates and will enable the manager to make changes if there are deviations between standards set and results achieved. When various functions are properly planned and various policies are integrated then co-ordination will be easily achieved. (ii) In organising coordination is required between different resources of an organization and also between authority responsibility and accountability. 6. Where the authority and responsibility of superiors and subordinates is clearly defined, co-ordination can be achieved. It is neither a function nor an objective of an organisation. In 10 years I need to save enough to retire. Liaison officer – Liaison officers are appointed in the organisation to enhance the coordination between different sections, units and groups. The exercise of each managerial function involves co- ordination. Coordination is one of the key managerial functions and thus applies to all aspects of the organization: Economy and Finance, Informatics, Quality, Human Resources, Logistics and Transport, Organizational Management, Marketing, Services and Production.. It harmonizes, unifies and blends all activities and thus, ensures the achievement of predetermined objectives. Together the activities of different departments, groups and activities to ensure smooth. Session -6 coordination is the essence of management explain coordination to integrate the activities of organisation common objective an. 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