[259] The Mayor of Sumy threw his support behind the Euromaidan movement on 24 January, laying blame for the civil disorder in Kyiv on the Party of Regions and Communists. [345], A telephone call was leaked of US diplomat Victoria Nuland speaking to the US Ambassador to Ukraine, Geoffrey Pyatt about the future of the country, in which she said that Klitschko should not be in the future government, and expressed her preference for Arseniy Yatsenyuk, who became interim Prime Minister. It was he who gave us the orders. Our story begins towards the end of summer 2017, in Skopye, the capital of Macedonia. Video, New hit of the revolutionary Maidan: "Aflame the barrel was on smoke", Band Skriabin at night on 23 January wrote a song, Race car driver Mochanov dedicated his song to titushky, Klitschko at concert "Lapis Trubetskoi" autographed and shook hands, Babylon'13: 35 films about the life of Euromaidan, Group of activists-cinematographers initiated series of films about people of Euromaidan, "I vincitori del Terre di Siena International Film Festival", "Winter on Fire: Ukraine's Fight for Freedom", Revolution through eyes of photograph. [247] They have since 5 December been the victims of theft and arson. Expanded translation of the Italian (the video subtitles are abridged) below the video. [393], A compilation of short films about the 2013 revolution named "Babylon'13", was created. Which way Ukraine should go – which union should join? The media suggested that it was not the Ukrainian riot police which fired on the protesters as previously believed, although the members of Alfa Team are Ukrainian citizens. [365] And he blamed the deal on restoring gas supplies of 18 January 2009 for this. "[251] On 5 January, marches in support of Euromaidan were held in Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Odessa, and Kharkiv; the latter three drawing several hundred and Donetsk only 100. [355] The Verkhovna Rada adopted the law on release of all detainees during protest actions. [394], Polish and Ukrainian activists created a short film, "Happy Kyiv", editing it with the Pharrell Williams hit "Happy" and some shoots of "Babylon'13". [14] Several RSA's of the occupied oblasts then decided to ban the activities and symbols of the Communist Party of Ukraine and Party of Regions in their oblast. [150], In December 2013, then Prime Minister of Ukraine Mykola Azarov refuted the pro-EU poll numbers claiming that many polls posed questions about Ukraine joining the EU, and that Ukraine had never been invited to join the Union, but only to sign the Association Agreement. [108][109] On 25 September 2013 Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) Volodymyr Rybak stated he was sure that his parliament would pass all the laws needed to fit the EU criteria for the Association Agreement since, except for the Communist Party of Ukraine, "The Verkhovna Rada has united around these bills. The lowest support for European integration was among people with incomplete secondary and higher education.[147]. I was totally outraged. [396], The American filmmaker John Beck Hofmann made the film Maidan Massacre, about the sniper shootings. BRICS: Unequal economic growth could distance countries from bloc, Bin Laden All Over Again: Pentagon Claims Al-Baghdadi Buried at Sea, But Photo, Video Proof Remains Classified, Confessions of a Deprogrammed Trump Supporter, The Empire Doubles Down: Open Society Foundations Will Now Be Run by Lord Malloch…, The British Hand Behind America’s Color Revolution: Soros and Lord Malloch…, MAJOR: Beijing Warns ‘Five Eyes’ Could be Poked Blind if China’s Sovereignty,…, An OrWELLSian Purge? [359], On 23 February 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, the Rada passed a bill that would have altered the law on languages of minorities, including Russian. In a short period of time up to 80 dead were counted. The clear objective of the Maidan massacre in Kiev on February 20, 2014 was to sow chaos and reap the fall of the democratically elected, pro-Russian Yanukovych government. [81] The situation escalated after the violent dispersal of protesters on 30 November, leading to many more protesters joining. The protests were sparked by the Ukrainian government's decision to suspend the signing of an association agreement with the European Union, instead choosing closer ties to Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union. Police and activists fired live and rubber ammunition at multiple locations in Kyiv. ", "Ukrainian opposition calls for President Yanukovych's impeachment", "Thousands of Protesters in Ukraine Demand Leader's Resignation", "Two petition drives take aim at Yanukovych", "EuroMaidan passes an anti-Customs Union resolution", "Hereha closes Kyiv City Council meeting on Tuesday", "Jailed Ukrainian opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko has been freed from prison, says official from her political party", Ukraine protests 'spread' into Russia-influenced east, Thousands mourn Ukraine protester amid unrest, "Ukraine's PM Azarov and government resign", "Law on amnesty of Ukrainian protesters to take effect on Feb 17", "Ukraine lawmakers offer protester amnesty", "Ukraine: Amnesty law fails to satisfy protesters", "Ruling majority takes hostages through new 'amnesty law, Ukraine parliament passes protest amnesty law, "Ukraine leader's sick leave prompts guessing game", Ukraine president Viktor Yanukovych takes sick leave as amnesty, other moves fail to quell Kyiv protests, "Party of Regions, Communist Party banned in Ivano-Frankivsk and Ternopil regions", "Activity of Regions Party, Communist Party, Yanukovych's portraits banned in Drohobych", Cabinet resumed preparations for the association with the EU, "Dozens of Ukrainian Police Defect, Vow to Protect Protesters", "Українські студенти підтримали Євромайдан. He continued bleeding all the way to Cologne, Germany for surgery. Volume 26, … Pro-government rallies during Euromaidan have largely been credited as funded by the government[citation needed]. [154] The hashtag #euromaidan (Ukrainian #євромайдан, Russian #евромайдан), emerged immediately on the first meeting of the protests and was highly useful as a communication instrument for protesters. Escalating violence from government forces in the early morning of 30 November caused the level of protests to rise, with 400,000–800,000 protesters, according to Russia's opposition politician Boris Nemtsov, demonstrating in Kyiv on the weekends of 1 December[53] and 8 December. diplomat] Catherine Ashton in Kyiv, during the night they started to storm the Maidan. Integration with the Customs Union was supported by 61% of East Ukraine and 54% of South Ukraine and also by 22% of Central and 7% of Western Ukraine. The organisers planned to continue this rally 'till the 3rd Eastern Partnership summit in Vilnius, Lithuania, on 28–29 November 2013. [87] On 24 November 2013, clashes between protesters and police began. Returning from a trip to Kiev only 5 days after the massacre, [Paet] reported in a phone call to EU Commissioner for Foreign Affairs Catherine Ashton, revelations from a Ukrainian doctor who examined the cadavers of Maidan square. “It was February 16th … Pashinsky ordered us to collect our belongings and bring them in … Other people arrived, they were almost all masked. [88] After a few days of demonstrations an increasing number of university students joined the protests. [5][340] The poll showed that 49.8% of the protesters are residents of Kyiv and 50.2% came from elsewhere in Ukraine. Many protesters ignored the face concealment ban by wearing party masks, hard hats and gas masks. We did not have much choice. Mr. Parubiy officially asked such divisions to not call themselves Self-defence. "[307][308], The IBTimes reported that a telephone call between Estonian foreign minister Urmas Paet and High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton had been intercepted in which Paet stated that a doctor named Olga stated that victims from both sides were shot by the same snipers and that Olga had photos of the shooting victims with the same "handwriting." Get short URL. [302] For example, as Reuters' own investigation found out, the senior among arrested officers was missing his right hand after an accident 6 years ago. [243] In Ternopil, Euromaidan organisers were prosecuted by authorities. Most support for EU integration could be found in West (81%) and in Central (56%) Ukraine; 30% of residents of South Ukraine and 18% of residents of Eastern Ukraine supported the integration with EU as well. [224], On 26 November, a rally of 50 was held in Donetsk. The Foreign Minister of Estonia, Ermas Paet, was the first one to dispute this. [151][152], The pro-European Union protests are Ukraine's largest since the Orange Revolution of 2004, which saw Yanukovych forced to resign as prime minister over allegations of voting irregularities. The signing was witnessed by the Foreign Ministers of Germany and Poland, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Radosław Sikorski, respectively, and the Director of the Continental Europe Department of the French Foreign Ministry, Eric Fournier. [245] In other cities and towns, monuments were removed by organised heavy equipment and transported to scrapyards or dumps. In addition, approximately 150 titushky appeared and encircled the Euromaidan protesters with megaphones and began a conflict, burning wreaths and Svoboda Party flags, and shouted "down with fascists! After a series of violent events towards protesters in Kyiv leaving 100 of them dead[181] President Yanukovych signed the Agreement on settlement of political crisis in Ukraine. Ukraine's Ministry of Internal Affairs confirmed that Viktor Yanukovych gave the order to fire on protesters on 20 February. "[341][342], According to polls, 11% of the Ukrainian population has participated in the Euromaidan demonstrations, and another 9% has supported the demonstrators with donations.[343]. "The wounded that we treated, all had the same type of bullet wounds. [320], In 2015 BBC published a story based on an interview with an anonymous sniper who said he was firing at anti-riot police from Conservatory (music academy) building on the morning of 20 January 2014. Police reports claimed 5,000 attended to support the government, to only 60 from Euromaidan. Nargadze also says Alexander Revazishvilli, [we met] a few months later, a former sniper of the Georgian army, participated in the Maidan shootout. Maidan Massacre is an investigative documentary into the shootings which occurred on February 20th, 2014, when nearly 50 people were gunned down on the streets of Kiev's Independence square. On 20 December 2013 Ukrainian Prime Minister, On 10 December President Yanukovych stated "We will certainly resume the IMF negotiations. The massacre was the result of a massive three month long protest against the former Government of Viktor Yanukovich and his decision to reject a trade deal with the EU. Hanna Hrabarska, Revolution through eyes of photograph. During the uprising, which centered on Kiev’s central square, the Maidan Nezalezhnosti, more than 100 people lost their lives in 2014. All Rights Reserved. Most likely, it was a smoothbore firearm. "[351] In the following late October 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election Svoboda lost 31 seats of the 37 seats it had won in the 2012 parliamentary election. [99], The term "Euromaidan" was initially used as a hashtag of Twitter. [91], According to Hrytsak: "Young Ukrainians resemble young Italians, Czech, Poles, or Germans more than they resemble Ukrainians who are 50 and older. On 24 January, President Yanukovych ordered the release of all journalists from custody. According to journalist Lecia Bushak writing in the 18 February 2014 issue of Newsweek magazine, EuroMaidan [had] grown into something far bigger than just an angry response to the fallen-through EU deal. "People stand at Euromaidan protesting against the violation of human rights in the state, and they are ready to make sacrifices," said Oleksiy Haran, a political scientist at Kyiv Mohyla Academy in Kyiv. On 31 January 2014, Vitali Sakal, first deputy chief of the Ukrainian Interior Ministry's Main Investigative Directorate told a press conference that "[w]e are pursuing several lines of inquiry into these murders, including [that they may have been committed] by Berkut (special police unit) officers. I was out of my mind, agitated, under stress, I did not understand anything. [352] From 27 February 2014 till 12 November 2014 three members of Svoboda did hold positions in Ukraine's government. That's all I can say. From the Ukraine Hotel? American mercenary Brian Christopher Boyenger ran the I want to stress that the cartridges which were used to commit the murders were not used by, and are not in use of, the police. The motorcade was stopped a couple of hundred metres short of his residence. In the room with me there were two Lithuanians, the weapons were unpacked by them.”. [218][219] Officials estimated the number of attackers to be 10–15,[220] and police did not intervene in the attacks. During the 2014 Hrushevskoho Street riots of 22–25 January, 3 protesters were killed by firearms. У Києві та регіонах – страйки", "Mr Akhtem Chiygoz: "Crimean Tatars Leave Actively to Kyiv on Maidan Nezalezhnosti, "Danyluks group under fire for seizure of government buildings", "Meet Moscow's New "Ukrainian Front" | The XX Committee", "Tyagnibok Zaproponuvav rozformuvati Berkut", Responsibility for burning private vehicles of protesters was taken by the Red Sector, "From Russia, 'Tourists' Stir the Protests", "Ukrainian communists not to join other political forces in new parliament, says Symonenko", Luhansk administration is being guarded by Don Cossacks, Руслана Лижичко разом із однодумцями оголосила голодування на майдані, "EuroMaidan rallies in Ukraine – Dec. 16", "The Council of Maidan Self-Defense Organizes "United Revolutionary Army" throughout Ukraine | Euromaidan PR", "EuroMaidan rallies in Ukraine (Jan. 23 live updates)", "На провластный митинг в Донецке привезли несколько десятков автобусов "неравнодушных, "Around 780 people die during protests in Ukraine in reality, say volunteer doctors", "On Grushevskogo for Šutka postradali 1400 chelovek oppozitsiya", "Some 700 protestors hospitalized in past two months", "BBC News – Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president", "Около 150 активистов с Майдана остаются пропавшими без вести – Беркут, избиение, евромайдан, Революция в Украине (30.03.14 18:12) « Политика Украины « Новости | Цензор.НЕТ", Список погибших в ходе акций протеста в Украине (январь-март 2014). [149] On the other hand, a November 2013 poll by Kyiv International Institute of Sociology showed 39% supporting the country's entry into the European Union and 37% supporting Ukraine's accession to the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. Full text of the EU-related question asked by GfK reads, "Should Ukraine sign the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, and, in the future, become an EU member? Yanukovych then fled to Ukraine's second-largest city of Kharkiv, refusing to recognise the parliament's decisions. On 10 October 2014 Reuters published a report about their examination of Ukraine's probes into the Maidan shootings. [140], In a poll taken on 7–8 December, 73% of protesters had committed to continue protesting in Kyiv as long as needed until their demands were fulfilled. [239], In Dnipropetrovsk on 3 December, a group of 300 protested in favour of European integration and demanded the resignation of local authorities, heads of local police units, and the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU). READ MORE: Reuters investigation exposes ‘serious flaws’ in Maidan massacre probe Новости дня на сайте Подробности", "срыв евроинтеграции: Вопрос о вступлении Украины в ЕС – бессмысленный, – Азаров – Азаров, Евросоюз, Срыв ассоциации с ЕС, срыв евроинтеграции (27.12.13 21:31) " Политика Украи", "Ukrainian Protests Compared to 2004 Orange Revolution", "Ukraine protests hampered by fragmenting of political opposition", "BBC News – European Square: Hashtag of Ukraine protest", "Twitter / Vitaliy_Klychko: Друзі! Vladyslav Musiyenko, Epeople: the best project about the faces of Euromaidan, Illustrator Sasha Godiayeva. Automaidan was the repeated target of violent attacks by government forces and supporters. His therapeutic device is satire. [163], In the early stages of Euromaidan, there was discussion about whether the Euromaidan movement constituted a revolution – or a staged 'Colour Revolution' by outside forces. [242] The statue made out of stone was completely hacked to pieces by jubilant demonstrators. [318][319] During the press conference, Ukraine's interior minister, chief prosecutor and top security chief implicated more than 30 Russian FSB agents in the crackdown on protesters, who in addition to taking part in the planning, flew large quantities of explosives into an airport near Kyiv. [146], Authors of the GfK Ukraine poll conducted 2–15 October 2013 claim that 45% of respondents believed Ukraine should sign an Association Agreement with the EU, whereas only 14% favoured joining the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia, and 15% preferred non-alignment. We were ordered to shoot at the police and protestors randomly. “On February 18, recalls Zalogy, someone took some weapons to my room. "[165], Media outlets in the region dubbed the movement, Eurorevolution[166] (Ukrainian: Єврореволюція). Pro-government/anti-EU demonstrations:20,000–60,000 (Kyiv)40,000 (Kharkiv)[60]15,000 (Donetsk)[61]10,000 (Simferopol)[62]. Paet said he found it "really disturbing that now the new coalition [doesn't] want to investigate what exactly happened," and that "there is a stronger and stronger understanding that behind snipers it was not Yanukovych, it was somebody from the new coalition. [136][139] Among Euromaidan protesters, 55% were from the west of the country, with 24% from central Ukraine and 21% from the east. Ronald’s Western educational background (no degree) is social psychology. “Mamuka first asked me if I was really a trained sniper, Alexander recalls, [then] he immediately told me he needed me in Kiev to pick some places.”. Parliament, dominated by his supporters, was stalling on taking up a constitutional reform to limit presidential powers. Efrem Lukatsky/AP Images As demonstrations gave way to rioting in January 2014, Yanukovych signed a series of laws restricting the right to protest, and hundreds of thousands took to … [103][104], On 30 March 2012 the European Union (EU) and Ukraine initiated an Association Agreement;[105] however, the EU leaders later stated that the agreement would not be ratified unless Ukraine addressed concerns over a "stark deterioration of democracy and the rule of law", including the imprisonment of Yulia Tymoshenko and Yuriy Lutsenko in 2011 and 2012. Among the detainees was the leader of the sniper squad. And so the victims found themselves next to their assassins. Dolinsky also pointed out that Ukrainian Jews overwhelmly supported and often participated in the Euromaidan protests. Irakliy Dzneladze, Revolution through eyes of photograph. The massacre of almost 50 Maidan protesters on February 20, 2014 was a turning point in Ukrainian politics and a tipping point in the conflict between the West and Russia over Ukraine. The assailants were unknown but activists told the Kharkiv-based civic organisation Maidan that they believe the city's mayor, Gennady Kernes, to be behind the attack. After four years from the beginning at November 2013 of Maidan demonstrations, we are able to tell another truth, completely different from the official story. [263][264], Starting on 23 January, several Western Ukrainian Oblast (province) Governor buildings and regional councils (RSA's[nb 10]) were occupied by Euromaidan activists. Divisions of "Golden eagle" and internal troops left the center of Kyiv. [178] On 1 December 2013, protesters reoccupied the square and through December further clashes with the authorities and political ultimatums by the opposition ensued. [323] Since 21 November 2013, a total of 136 journalists have been injured. Oleh Tatarov, deputy chief of the Ukrainian Interior Ministry's Main Investigative Directorate under Yanukovych, claimed in January that "[t]he theory we are looking at is the killing was by unidentified persons. What began as peaceful protests in favor of the trade deal turned bloody when snipers began firing and killing dozens of protesters and police officers. [301] They have uncovered "serious flaws" in the case against Berkut (special police force) officers arrested by the new Ukrainian government and charged with murder of 39 unarmed protesters. It's a revolution of young people who are very educated, people who are active in social media, who are mobile and 90 percent of whom have university degrees, but who don't have futures. “What’s going on,” I told him, “what are these weapons? On 22 January, more violence erupted in Kyiv. It is a revolution [...] we have two roads – we go to prison or we win.'"[158]. One of them fired one shot while the other closed the window. After Maidan, [Boyenger] moves on to the Donbass front, where he will fight in the ranks of the Georgian Legion alongside Mamulashvili. [79] The protests were fueled by the perception of "widespread government corruption", "abuse of power", and "violation of human rights in Ukraine". A statement indicating that the president, parliament, and the Cabinet of Ministers aren't capable of carrying out a geopolitically strategic course of development for the state and demanding Yanukovych's resignation. The percentage of people who do not support the protesters was 81% in East Ukraine, 60% in South Ukraine[nb 11], in Central Ukraine 27% and in Western Ukraine 11%. They won't be sacrificing anything."[270]. Then suddenly, after 15, 20 minutes the shooting ceased and everyone has put down the weapons. Anti-government protesters carry an injured man on a stretcher after clashes with riot police in the Independence Square in Kiev February 20, 2014. ", "One of the victims was shot today by a sniper, another was killed from a handgun – medics", "Report: Lethal 'car stopper' bullets used against protesters during Hrushevskoho Street clashes", "Special Report: Flaws found in Ukraine's probe of Maidan massacre", "About the request by General prosecutor's office regarding permission for arrest of Berkut special company commander, suspected of killing 39 unarmed protesters. [413], In a poll published on 24 February 2014 by the state-owned Russian Public Opinion Research Center, only 15% of those Russians polled said 'yes' to the question: "Should Russia react to the overthrow of the legally elected authorities in Ukraine? [143], A study of public opinion in regular and social media found that 74% of Russian speakers in Ukraine supported the Euromaidan movement, and a quarter opposed. [223], On 25 November, in Odessa, 120 police raided and destroyed a tent encampment made by protesters at 5:20 in the morning. [254] Meanwhile, Donetsk City Council pleaded with the government to take tougher measures against Euromaidan protesters in Kyiv. [182][183][184], A 24 November protest in Ivano-Frankivsk saw several thousand protestors gather at the regional administration building. Maidan Massacre is an investigative documentary into the shootings which occurred on February 20th, 2014, when nearly 50 people were gunned down on the streets of Kiev's Independence square. He asked me where we were supposed to shoot. But what will take its place? [76] A Twitter account named Euromaidan was created on the first day of the protests. A group of unknown snipers began firing at protestors and police. The massacre was the result of a massive three month long protest against the former Government of Viktor Yanukovich and his decision to reject a trade deal with the EU. The protests climaxed in mid-February. "[160] In a Kyiv International Institute of Sociology poll taken in September, joining the European Union was mostly supported by young Ukrainians (69.8% of those aged 18 to 29), higher than the national average of 43.2% support. [126][nb 9], President Yanukovych attended the 28–29 November 2013 EU summit in Vilnius (where originally it was planned that the Association Agreement would be signed on 29 November 2013),[108] but the Association Agreement was not signed. The scope of the protests soon widened, with calls for the resignation of President Viktor Yanukovych and his government. "[414], In mid-October 2014, President Petro Poroshenko stated that 21 November (Euromaidan started on 21 November 2013) will be celebrated as "Day of Dignity and Freedom". The formation of a co-ordinating committee to communicate with the European community. Lawyers representing relatives of the dead complained: "We haven't been informed of the type of weapons, we have no access to the official reports, and to the operation schedules. "People at Antimaidan stand for money only. [142], In a March poll, 57% of Ukrainians said they supported the Euromaidan protests. Restricting citizens ' right to peaceful assembly until new Year evening, the plan came into action Lenin and... 20, 2014, Epeople: the best way to Cologne, Germany rallied. Recalls Nergadze, as proved by an identification card he holds, was the of. To take over their local RSA. [ 296 ] conditions that suit us, we better. The unofficial anthems of Euromaidan in the shootings were not police issue [ 21st. Should join turnout in many deaths falling from a colonnade Ukraine today is that it entered. All the way to check findings of existing studies military to defect to 'the Ukrainian revolution `` Interest rose. 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