These are planning, organizing, directing, Coordinating and evaluation. 2- principle of cooperation. While … An institution must have these three characteristics in order to be able to achieve its objectives adequately and to give due regard to all persons concerned in some way or other. Educational Administration takes place at various levels such as: Out of these above levels, educational administration has its ground reality and importance at the institutional level. Liberty is granted to them with not making the system of “check and balance” rigid. Being contextual in approach it can be said that the futuristic outlook, vision and forward looking must be incorporated it the field of administration. 3. 1. Every administration has a hierarchy that is often represented as a pyramid. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. The Educational Administration has the following nature: 1. To prepare students for taking their places in various vocations and avenues of life. An impartial administrator and manager will not unnecessarily favor as he or she will judge everyone equally. Privacy Policy 8. Conducting periodical reviews about the progress, achievements and failures of the institution. Report a Violation, Top 8 Functions of Educational Administration, Difference between Educational Administration and Supervision in India, Top 6 Principles of Educational Administra­tion. The physical resources mainly contribute building equipment’s and instructional materials. Here the educational administration sets the systems of administration in accordance to the objectives and nature of all the levels of education. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Being the first principle of educational administration in the modern era it puts stress on democracy in structural perspective. Report a Violation, Promoting Equality of Educational Opportunities in India, Difference between Educational Administration and Supervision in India, Top 8 Functions of Educational Administration. He provides feedback to them and brings modification, if required in the plans and programmes of the school or college or university. Besides an educational administrator in order to prudential in nature and work must have simplicity, understanding capacity democratic spirit and effective communication ability with him as attributes. Like general administration, educational administration seeks to maintain and improve the relations with the community. In this context it should be the task of educational administration to make special efforts for equalizing educational opportunities by reducing the above cited problems of it. Because it is essential to give freedom to the competent and delicate persons as educational administrators who are in the interest of good administration. One of the important social objective of education is to equalize opportunity or facility for enabling the backward or under privileged classes and individuals to use education as a means for improvement of their condition. This is a particular focus on problems cited in modules 6 and 7 with an emphasis on the issue of "Women in Management." For this, the following activities and programmes come under the scope of educational administration at the institutional level: a. Adaptability is concerned with acts of change and flexibility to a great extent to counteract with uniformity and stability is mainly the counterweight to adaptability. Planning for academic or curricular and co-curricular activities. Taking measures for staff development. The cause is that opportunity means to provide adequate facility or scope to every individual for his development. 1- principle of democratic leadership. Rather it means the right type of education from the right type of teachers within reasonable cost. Let us discuss these functions one by one. Stability, however, is called as prudential check on the change which retains good in the old and gives up bad in the new. To Ensure Adequate Utilization Of All Resources: For adequate realization of the various purposes of educational programme there is the need of ensuring adequate utilization of all available resources-human, material and financial. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. d. Assigning duties and responsibilities to the staff members. But in Practice it is not happening as the educational administrators very often arbitrarily exercise discretionary powers and too narrowly apply uniform rules in one point. Educational administration is a complex affair. The head of the school/college/university organizes these programmes and activities with co-operation from other teachers, parents and students. The reason is that human relationship prevailed here can’t be maintained by any set of formulae. Functions of Educational Administration Planning, organization, direction, motivation, control, co-ordination, decision making and the last one is reporting. Privacy Policy 8. He/She evaluates their performance and progress in achieving the purposes of the programme. To this, the essence of democracy is to give importance on the dignity of every individual and assisting him to understand his self in this context this principle considers democracy as a matter of spirit, way of life and a mode of behaviour. The most important objective of administration is to get the work done effectively, efficiently and with satisfaction to the individuals and benefits to the society. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. 5 Basic Functions of Administration: Planning, Organizing, Directing and Controlling After reading this chapter, you will be conversant with: Planning Organization Direction Control Planning By planning is meant to predetermine … - Selection from Educational Administration and Management [Book] Educational management is related to Henri Fayol 's 14 Principles of Management. The system of check and balance is prudential in nature which seeks to protect an educational institution or organisation, an enterprise from mis-behaviours and mis-appropriation by an official or authority as misuse of power and funds that creates mischief. Educational administration is more an art than a science. 9. In this regard and educational administrator will be a fittest one who can manage autocracy as and when necessary to achieve the goals of an educational programme. The reason is that human relationship prevailed here can’t be maintained by any set of formulae. An education administrator may begin her career as a teacher. Principle of coordination 5. This characteristic of an institution is called adaptability. It is evident from several studies that now in educational administration there lies a lot of wasteful expenditure for which the system of check and balance is essential. 6. Educational administration is similar to general administration in many ways, but it is also dissimilar to general administration in many more ways. The effective leader is visionary, collaborative and passionate about … and. Those who are good sociable, democratic competent and welfare oriented educational administrators liberty is granted for them. Giving feedback to the teachers performing well and taking remedial measures for teachers not performing well. This nature of the educational administrator goes against the very essence of justice as it is to be free from such bias nature of them. To train the students in developing scientific attitude and objective outlook among them towards all aspects and activities of life. It implies “the exercise of control” in democracy. The educational institution however must be able to achieve adaptability without creating any dislocation or disruption in its process and achievements. Educational administration is a non-profit making task. Educational administration is more an art than a science. For private schools and businesses, the job may be as a director of programs or head master. One is in general perspective and the other is in contextual perspective. 4. (c) Disparity between the education of boys and girls at all stages and in all sectors of education. One can therefore deduce that educational management refers to the application of theory and practice of management to the field of education … 5. In order to better … The prime concern of administration of any programme is proper accomplishment of the pre-fixed purposes and goals. Educational administration covers the following aspects relating to management in its jurisdiction: 5. The goal of the educational administrator is to keep the school's overall process flowing smoothly, making decisions that facilitate successful student learning. For this greater emphasis should be given on equality of educational opportunity for the shake of accelerating the process for building up of on egalitarian human society in which the age old social exploitation will be reduced to minimum. The concept of educational administration is applicable in case of an educational organisation which has certain purposes or goals to fulfill. g. Coordinating by efforts of people to achieve the purpose. Every society that values social justice and anxious to improve a lot of common man and cultivate all available talents, must ensure progressive equality of educational opportunity to all sections of the population. of. Thus on the whole, adaptability is the capacity of an enterprise to change, to develop and to improve. Here in this blog, let’s have a discussion on 3 basic principles of educational administration and management: 1. It is like a broad umbrella encompassing a number of processes such as: planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling and evaluating the performance. A prominent principle of public administration has been economy and efficiency—that is, the provision of public services at the minimum cost. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Brief outlines of the six principles of educational administration are discussed in this article. Hence like general administration in educational administration there is the necessity of the system of “check and balance” to prevent such misuse. principles. q. Disclaimer 9. j. He/She motivates them and co- ordinates the efforts of teachers as well as directs and exercises control over them. e. Organizing curricular and co-curricular programmes. In order to simplify it we can be said here that proper management of a programme needs various aspects that are regarded as the functions of administration. THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION 3 with leaders who believe in McGregor’s Theory X. This becomes possible through adequate utilization of both human and material resources with the purpose of bringing qualitative improvement of the programme. Prohibited Content 3. Hence the educational administrators have to reduce this tendency to minimum for making justice beneficial, healthy and impartial in nature and approach as a principle of modern educational administration. Principle of democratic leadership 2. Educational management is an applied field of management. So the purpose of doing such vital task is to fulfill different purposes which are known as the objectives of educational administration. The basic principles of educational management completely impact the administration. Stability on the other hand is the capacity of an organisation to safeguard the merits of the old while it is in the process of change. Keeping this in view it is the task and responsibility of an educational administrator to focus on day to day happenings in relation to democratic society in educational perspective that are relevant in wider extent. This tendency is called flexibility. Content Filtrations 6. To organize educational programmes for acquainting students with the art of democratic living and giving them excellent training in democratic citizenship. Principle of cooperation 3. These three characteristics are dynamic, adaptability and flexibility are especially so. (d) Disparity of educational development between the advanced classes and the backward classes. n. Maintaining records and registers up to date. and B.El.Ed courses, Educational Administration and Management aims at helping students understand the theories and processes of this subject, and thereby become effective leaders and managers of the educational system tomorrow. The additional elements comprise the various aspects of educational theory and practice including philosophy of education, objectives of education, curriculum, method of teaching, discipline, role of the teacher, rules and regulations etc. The educational administration encompasses all the levels of education in its jurisdiction. The process of continuous improvement And uniformity of rules in educational administration does not provide equality which is necessary to safeguard the individuals in another point. At all levels of the educational ecosystem, management is required; management involves the planning, organising, implementation, review, evaluation, and integration of an institution. This property is named as stability. Overall speaking this type of democracy as a principle of educational administration gives importance on practicability and relevance of day to day happenings of democracy in relation to educational perspective so far its administrative aspect is concerned. 3- principle of scientific method. The actual specific job functions for an education administrator will vary depending on the institution of employment. Principles of Administration • For any administration--business, government, educational institutions--to function properly, the principles of management which include hierarchy, control, unity of command, delegation of authority, specialization, objectives, centralization and decentralization must be … There are countless texts on the principles of education administration and there are entire graduate programs dedicated to the subject. This result in the emergence of a good and effective social order by the school or educational institution as an agency of education. Regular supervision of teaching and guidance of teachers help to ensure quality teaching in schools. This will be done if educational administration accepts it as its principle in real situation. TOS 7. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. h. Technical and professional Education including Engineering, Medical, MBA, and Computer Education. It means the entire picture of the society has been reflected in the school. 3. of education, (2) the legal basis for education, (3) the use of theory and research in. Principles of educational administration are as follows 1. It includes all types and strategies of management that encompasses the following: 4. Image Guidelines 5. Educational institutions operate in a dynamic environment. In order to ensure quality control in the field of education, educational administration has to make expenditure on education by accepting it as an investment on human resource. i. f. Directing and motivating the staff of the institution. Theories are s ets of statements understandable to others, which make (b) Poverty of a large Section of the population and relative affluence of a small minority. In the field of educational administration, the educational authority as the administrative authority exercises its functions in relation to the above mentioned aspects. 10. 6. 2. As we know the very fact that educational administration needs integration and co-ordination of all the physical and human resources and educational elements. 2. organization and. d. Higher Secondary or Post secondary Education and. b. In the process of achieving its educational objectives, it has to deal differently with different human beings like teachers, parents and the public at large, who are affected in one way or other by the process or its products. Elementary treatment of administration and educational administration from historical perspective, Administration is one of the most of all human endeavors. Hence, all these three qualities of adaptability, flexibility and stability are complementary to each other. Disclaimer 9. 4. Seven chapters cover the following topics: (1) The system. Prohibited Content 3. As justice is one of the basic hallmarks of democratic administration, it is regarded as an essential principle of educational administrating which is democratic in form and practice. c. Preparing the time table and the time schedules for various activities. Book description Educational Administration and Management is a comprehensive textbook for students pursuing B.Ed. Educational administration and educational management From the above definition, it is quite clear that educational administration and educational management are applied fields of study. Educational Administration is regarded as the process of integrating the appropriate human and material resources that are made available and made effective for achieving the purposes of a programme of an educational institution. This principle of educational administration gives priority on the practical aspect of democracy as a way of life and form of governance. For schools, this job is usually the role of a principal or assistant principal. (а) In equal distribution of educational institutions through out the country. The heads of departments in organizations … TOS 7. Copyright 10. in educational leadership or administration. Image Guidelines 5. Because without necessary expenditure on education there will be no question of quality in it and then what about the matter of quality control? The meaning of exercise of control in this light should be such that, it helps the students as future citizens in fulfilling their needs and requirements tending to their self-realization, safeguard the democratic government and welfare of people at local, state and national levels. This has usually been the stated objective of administrative reform. In this light, it should be the function of the educational administrator to achieve it for which he may take the view of the students, consult with the staffs, specialists, expects and community members before taking any decision. It is known to one and all that misuse of power and money leads to the loss of public in general. 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